The Power of Color & Flavor: A Reference Chart

Have you ever noticed when you’re grocery shopping that certain colors represent certain flavors across many different products and brands? Some of course are obvious, such as blueberry is blue or purple, strawberry is red or pink and banana is yellow. But what about others like parmesan garlic, vanilla, cookies and cream? These also have color conventions that carry over to many brands and products. Here I’m going to detail why this is important and how it affects a food brand and purchasing decisions.


Many times in food packaging design, I advise not doing what everyone else is doing in a food category. You want your product to stand out and look different. A product that blends in by looking like other products in the category is not going to get noticed or have great sales (an exception to this is generic brand packaging, but we are not talking about that here).

However there is one place it where almost always makes sense to follow suit, and that is with the color used to denote the flavor or a product—particularly a product that can come in a variety of flavors. To understand why, we need to understand the selling process of a food package.

Packaging is the single most important selling tool for a gourmet food brand. Successful packaging:

  1. grabs the attention of the consumer from the retail shelf,
  2. instantly conveys what the product is, and
  3. then closes the sale.

(Going beyond that, once in the home, the package encourages the repeat sale.)

Steps 1 & 2 happen in a brief 2–3-second window. The more clearly the package conveys what the product is, the faster the consumer understands it, and the more likely they are to buy it. If there is any confusion in this short window, the consumer will quickly move on.

Visuals facilitate understanding. A successful package visually conveys an understanding of the product before any words are read, and color visually reinforces an understanding of flavor. As mentioned, many flavor color conventions are obvious, but here are common flavor conventions that aren’t so obvious:

swatch_honey mustardHoney Mustard:
yellow or golden yellow
(also sometimes orangey-yellow)

swatch_sour cream-parm-garlicSour Cream & Chive/Onion,
Parmesan, Parmesan Garlic and
Garlic: green

swatch_white cheddar & vanillaWhite Cheddar and 
Vanilla: medium/dark blue

swatch_bbqBBQ: red/burgundy

swatch_sesameSesame: medium to dark orange
swatch_coconut1swatch_coconut2Coconut: brown or green

swatch_sea saltSea Salt: teal/turquoise

swatch_cracked pepperCracked Pepper: gray/black/brown

swatch_oreoCookies & Cream: dark blue

swatch_chipotleChipotle: deep red/burgundy

swatch_srirachaSriracha: bright red

swatch_habaneroHabanero: orange or orangey-red

swatch_jalapenoJalapeño: green

Note that there is of course room for interpretation in these colors above in terms of exact shade and hue—these swatches are just a loose guide—and there can always be exceptions to these conventions.

I go more into the selling process or a retail food package in my FoodWorx speech—see the video here.

To go further, check out my article on food and color.

Questions or thoughts? Leave them in the comments below!

colors that influence food product sales

Hi, I’m Jenn David Connolly, creative strategist and founder of Jenn David Design. For over 20 years I’ve partnered with specialty food brands to create powerful, distinct, strategic design that commands attention and gets results.

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